Global Sourcing of Minerals for the Battery Revolution


Adjunct Professor in economic geology at the University of Helsinki

Dr. Pekka A. Nurmi (Ph.D., University of Helsinki) has over 35 years of experience in the minerals sector. He has been in different director and chief scientist positions at the Geological Survey of Finland, and as an Adjunct Professor in economic geology at the University of Helsinki. Pekka’s experience include economic geology, mineral exploration, sustainable mining and mineral policy mainly in Finland and the Fennoscandian Shield.


Director, Geological Survey of Estonia

Devoted to R&D of Biomining with a demonstrated history of working in the oil shale and biotechnology industries and as a Country Manager in international group. Skilled in Business Planning, Innovation Management, Biotechnology, Mergers & Acquisitions, and Start-ups. Strong entrepreneurship professional with a Dipl Eng and M.Sc. focused in Environmental Chemistry from Tallinna Tehnikaülikool / Tallinn University of Technology.

Annual Mining Survey – Mineral Potential and Exploration Opportunities in Eastern Europe


A Fraser Institute Resident Fellow and holder of the Dr. Michael A. Walker Chair in Economic Freedom

Fred McMahon has an M.A. in Economics from McGill University. Mr. McMahon manages the Economic Freedom of the World Project and coordinates the Economic Freedom Network, an international alliance of over 100 think tank partners in about 100 nations and territories. His research focuses on global issues such as development, trade, governance and economic structure.

Cobalt resources in North Eastern Europe


CEO of Aurora Exploration Ltd and Professor of Practice of Economic Geology at University of Helsinki

Petri Peltonen teaches geology of ore deposit, mineral economics and mineral exploration methods. He has studied in University of Turku and University of Toronto and holds MSc and PhD of Economic Geology. He has 30+ years experience in ore deposit studies and mining, and has published more than 60 papers in international journals. Before founding Aurora Exploration Ltd, Petri spent 10 years in international mining companies as Chief Geologist, Managing Director and Vice President Exploration.


Director Institute of Geology, Tallinn University of Technology

Dr. Hitch’s research interests centre on the mine of the future. This notion challenges one to consider not only the traditional aspects of mine design, extraction and closure but also aspects of greenhouse gas emissions and the social implications of mine operation. Dr. Hitch’s research considers operational efficiencies through the lens of sustainability and appropriate extraction that seeks to provide a platform for local prosperity and sustainable livelihoods. His focus continues to be on the development of ‘human-scale’ mining operations that can improve the biophysical integrity, economic sufficiency and the social wellbeing of the environments within which we operate.


PhD (Quaternary Cover and Applied Geology), Head of Office, Professor of Geology and Mineralogy.
Department of Geology, University of Tartu.

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